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Volume VI FEBRUARY, 1937 Number 4 








Held in 

The Raleigh Memorial Auditorium 

Raleigh, North Carolina 
November 20, 1936 

Entered as second-class matter January 25, 1932, at the post office at Raleigh, North Carolina, 
under the Act of August 2h, 1912. 

Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2012 with funding from 

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 


npHE Inaugural Committee is gratified in the support of the 
alumni and friends of Shaw University upon the occasion of the 
celebration of the Seventy-first Anniversary of the Founding of the 
Institution and the Inauguration of the Fifth President. 

The Committee wishes to express its appreciation to the Shaw 
Bulletin Committee for the privilege of using the February issue 
of the Shaw Bulletin as an Inaugural number. 

J. Francis Price, Chairman 
Walker H. Quarles, Jr., Secretary 

Mrs. Martha J. Brown 
Rev. 0. S. Bullock 
Miss Mary Burwell 
W. R. Collins 
Mrs. Julia B. Delaney 
Charles R. Eason 
Harry Gil-Smythe 
Miss Lenora T. Jackson 
Glenwood E. Jones 

Miss Beulaii Jones 

Dr. Max King 

Dr. L. E. McCauley 

H. Cardrew Perrin 

C. C. Spaulding 

Rev. W. C. Somerville 

Dean Melvin H. Watson 

Dean Mary Link Turner 

J. W. Yeargin 


Dr. Robert P. Daniel Is Installed As President 
In Impressive Ceremonies 

A sound program, including a 
course of study which must be func- 
tional to the demands of a dynamic 
society and which will lead to a bet- 
ter understanding of "some of the 
major problems of life such as the 
preservation of health, economic sta- 
bility, race adjustments, community 
service, social welfare, civic improve- 
ments, sane sex life, moral character 
and Christian idealism" was pledged 
for Shaw University by Dr. Robert P. 
Daniel on the occasion of his inaugu- 
ration as president of Shaw, which 
took place in the Raleigh Memorial 
Auditorium at 10:30 a.m., Friday, 
November 20, before an audience of 
approximately 1,500 persons. 

The inauguration ceremonies were 
preceded by memorial services on the 
Shaw campus at the grave of Dr. 
Henry Martin Tupper, the founder of 
the school, and followed by an alumni 
luncheon at which it was announced 
that since August alumni, Baptist or- 
ganizations and friends of Shaw have 
contributed to the Raleigh school ap- 
proximately three thousand dollars, 
of which the sum of five hundred 
dollars was collected at the luncheon. 

The inauguration exercises, attend- 
ed by seven college presidents and 
other representatives from about 
thirty institutions of higher learning, 
included the induction ceremonies, 
with Dr. G. O. Bullock, vice chairman 
of the Shaw Trustee Board, present- 
ing the new president with the char- 
ter. Dr. John P. Turner, secretary of 
the Board, presented him with the 
seal of the University, and Miss Mary 
A. Burwell gave Dr. Daniel a gold 
medallion as symbol of authority. 
C. C. Spaulding introduced the new 
Shaw head. 

Tributes were paid to President 
Daniel by Dr. John W. Barco, vice 
president of Virginia Union Univer- 
sity; Dr. John M. Gandy, president of 
Virginia State College, and by the 
Reverend William T. Johnson, pastor 
of the First African Baptist Church, 

Greetings were extended on behalf 
of the colleges of the Board of Edu- 
cation of the Northern Baptist Con- 
vention by Dr. William J. Clark, pres- 
ident of Virginia Union University; 
on behalf of the Baptist Associations 
of North Carolina by the Reverend 
J. T. Hairston, president of the North 
Carolina State Baptist Convention; 
on behalf of the State Department of 
Education by Dr. N. C. Newbold, di- 
rector, Division of Negro Education, 
and on behalf of the institutions of 
higher learning by Dr. James E. 
Shepard, president of North Carolina 
College for Negroes. 

By special designation of Governor 
J. C. B. Ehringhaus, Dr. Clyde A. 
Erwin, State Superintendent of Pub- 
lic Instruction, extended the official 
greeting of the State of North Caro- 

Members of the Virginia Union 
class of 1924, classmates of Dr. Dan- 
iel, sent the youthful educator a lov- 
ing cup which, along with the folio 
of greetings and congratulatory mes- 
sages from institutions not represent- 
ed at the exercises, was presented by 
J. Francis Price, registrar of Shaw 

In his inaugural address Dr. Daniel 
praised the work of Shaw Univer- 
sity's founder and the three other 
presidents who have succeeded him, 
calling Henry Martin Tupper the 
great architect of Shaw University, 
Charles Francis Meserve and Joseph 
L. Peacock the builders, and William 
Stuart Nelson the rehabilitator. 

"The next step," he declared, 
"calls for a program of coordination 
and preservation." 

The services were opened with 
prayer by Dean John L. Tilley of the 
School of Religion at Shaw. The 
closing prayer was offered by Dr. G. 
O. Bullock, who presided. 

Music for the occasion was fur- 
nished by the Shaw University Choral 
Society, assisted by Mrs. Louise Per- 
rin, under direction of Professor 
Harry Gil-Smythe. 

6 The Shaw University Bulletin 



The audience is asked to rise and remain standing until the Aca- 
demic Procession is seated. 


John L. Tilley, A.M., Dean, School of Religion, Shaw University 

III. UNIVERSITY CHOIR: "Temples Eternal" . F. Melius Christiansen 



The Reverend George O. Bullock, D.D., Vice-Chairman, Board of 
Trustees, Presiding 

Presentation of President by C. C. Spaulding, A.M., LL.D., Treas- 
urer, Board of Trustees 

John P. Turner, M.D., LL.D., Induction Marshall, Secretary, Board 
of Trustees 

Miss Mary A. Burwell, Induction Aide, Member, Board of Trustees 

The audience is asked to refrain from applause until the conclusion 
of the Induction Ceremony. 

V. CHOIR: "Walk Together, Children" ... J. Rosamond Johnson 


1. As a Professor at Virginia Union University — John W. Barco, 

D.D., Vice President, Virginia Union University 

2. As an Educator in Virginia — John M. Gandy, A.M., Ped.D., Pres- 

ident, Virginia State College 

3. As a Church and Civic Worker — The Reverend Wm. T. Johnson, 

B.D., D.D., Pastor, First African Baptist Church, Richmond. 

VII. SOLO: "Song of the Soul" Carl Briel 

Mrs. Louise Perrin, Coloratura Soprano 


1. On Behalf of the Colleges of the Board of Education of the 

Northern Baptist Convention — William J. Clark, B.D., D.D., 
President, Virginia Union University 

2. On Behalf of the Baptist Associations of North Carolina — The 

Reverend J. T. Hairston, D.D., President, State Baptist Con- 

3. On Behalf of the Alumni of the University — The Reverend Wen- 

dell C. Somerville, A.B., B.D., President, General Alumni 

4. On Behalf of the State Department of Education — N. C. New- 

bold, A.M., LL.D., Director, Division of Negro Education 

5. On behalf of the Institutions of Higher Learning — James E. 

Shepard, A.M., Litt.D., President, North Carolina College for 

6. On Behalf of the Teachers of North Carolina — Charlotte Haw- 

kins Brown, LL.D., President, North Carolina State Teachers 


Clyde A. Erwin, LL.D., State Superintendent of Public Instruction 


J. Francis Price, A.M., Registrar, Shaw University 
XL CHOIR: "Praise Ye the Lord" A. Randegger 

The Shaw University Bulletin 




PROGRAM— Continued 


Robert Prentiss Daniel, Ph.D. 

CHOIR: "Great and Marvelous" 

A. R. Gaul 


The Reverend George O. Bullock, D.D. 


The audience will please be seated after the prayer and remain 
seated until the Academic Procession has marched out. 

Presentation of President to 
Chairman of Board 

By Dr. C. C. Spaulding 

Mr. Chairman, I have the honor to 
present to you ROBERT PRENTISS 
DANIEL, who has been duly chosen 
by the Trustees of this Institution to 
be its fifth president. We deem him 
a worthy successor to the noble men 
who have builded themselves into 
the structure that is Shaw Universi- 
ty and who have fostered here the 
ideal of religious education in the 
belief that through such training the 
fullness of living is achieved. 

Dr. Daniel was born on the campus 
of Virginia State College, of teach- 
ing parents, educated there and at 
Virginia Union University and Col- 
umbia University, receiving the de- 
gree of doctor of philosophy in edu- 
cation from Columbia University. 

He has served as professor of edu- 
cation and head of the Department 
of Education at Virginia Union Uni- 
versity for twelve years and was of 
invaluable assistance to President 
Clark. He established a record as 
an educational specialist that is rec- 
ognized and often commented upon 
in circles of higher as well as secon- 
dary education. In the council of 
race relations, Dr. Daniel is also 
highly regarded. 

As President Daniel joins the 
ranks of young Negro college execu- 
tives who are meeting the challenge 
of the times in an inspiring manner, 
the Trustees, Alumni and his many 

friends throughout the country, as 
well as his co-workers, are confident 
that he will add achievement and 
prestige to the cause of education as 
President of Shaw University. 

I, therefore, request, on behalf of 
the Trustees, that you signify Dr. 
Daniel's assumption of the authority 
and dignity which appertain to the 
presidential office, by appropriate 
ceremonies of induction and inves- 

Presentation of Medal 

By Miss Mary A. Burwell, Member, 

Board of Trustees 
Mr. President: 

On behalf of the Trustees, I present 
to you this medal, an official attesta- 
tion of your inauguration as the fifth 
president of Shaw University. We 
trust that you will cherish it as a 
sacred possession. We believe that 
you will wear it with the dignity and 
distinction of your high office. 

Presentation of Seal 

By Dr. John P. Turner, Secretary, 
Board of Trustees 
Mr. President: 

As secretary of the Board of Trus- 
tees, I give you the custody of the 
seal of Shaw University and invest 
you with the right to use it, or au- 
thorize its use, in all transactions 
requiring such official certification of 
the University. 

The Shaw University Bulletin 

Seventy Colleges and Organiza- 
tions Greet Shaw President 
At His Inauguration 

Included among the many dele- 
gates representing other educational 
institutions at the Shaw University- 
Founders' Day - Inauguration Cere- 
monies were seven college presidents, 
several deans, professors and other 
officers, who brought greetings to the 
newly-installed president, Robert P. 
Daniel. Delegates brought messages 
from the following institutions: 

The Agricultural and Technical 
College, Greensboro; Bennett Col- 
lege, Greensboro; Duke University, 
Durham; Fayetteville State Normal 
School, Fayetteville; Howard Univer- 
sity, Washington, D. C; Hampton 
Institute, Hampton, Va.; Johnson C. 
Smith University, Charlotte; Associa- 
tion of American Colleges, New 
York; Lincoln University, Lincoln, 
Pa.; Livingstone College, Salisbury; 
Miner Teachers College, Washington, 
D. C; Morehouse College, Atlanta, 
Ga. ; Morgan College, Baltimore. Md.; 
North Carolina College, Durham; 
Palmer Memorial Institute, Sedalia; 
St. Augustine's College, Raleigh; St. 
Paul Normal and Industrial School, 
Lawrenceville, Va.; Virginia State 
College, Petersburg, Va. ; Virginia 
Union University, Richmond Va., and 
Wesleyan University. 

Greetings were acknowledged 
from the following: Alabama State 
Teachers College, Catawba College, 
Columbia University, Columbia Uni- 
versity Teachers College, Hollins Col- 
lege, Bluefield State Teachers Col- 
lege, Arkansas State, Delaware State 
College, Dillard University, Fisk 
University, Virginia State Depart- 
ment of Education, North Carolina 
State Department of Education, In- 
ternational Baptist Seminary, New 
Jersey; Wiley College, Tennessee 
State College, Queens-Chicora Col- 
lege, Downingtown Industrial School, 
North Carolina State College, Ra- 
leigh; Board of Education, Northern 
Baptist Convention; Virginia Com- 
mission on Interracial Cooperation, 

Florida A. and M. College, Cheyney 
State Teachers College, Colgate- 
Rochester Divinity School, Storer 
College, American Baptist Home Mis- 
sion Society, Negro Organization So- 
ciety of Virginia, General Education 
Board, John Slater Fund, Guilford 
College, Woman's College of Univer- 
sity of North Carolina, Virginia 
Branch, National Congress of Col- 
ored Parents and Teachers; Tillotson 
College, National Council of the 
Y. M. C. A., Office of the Specialist 
in the Education of the Negro, U. S. 
Office of Education, Department of 
the Interior; Association for the 
Study of Negro Life and History, 
Atlanta University, Tuskegee Insti- 
tute, National Chapter of the Alpha 
Phi Alpha Fraternity, Bowie Normal 
School, Paine College, Virginia State 
Teachers Association, Norfolk Unit 
of Virginia Union University, Spel- 
man College, and Coppin Normal 


Statement of Induction 

By Dr. George 0. Bullock, Viee^Chair- 
man, Board of Trustees 

Robert Prentiss Daniel, Bachelor of 
Arts, Master op Arts, Doctor of 

It is my high privilege, in the name 
of the Board of Trustees, to induct 
you into the office of President of 
Shaw University, with the authority, 
privileges, and responsibilities apper- 
taining thereunto. 

In token of this act I hereby give 
you the Charter of the University, by 
which you will be guided in your au- 

The trustees, alumni, students, and 
friends have faith in you. We recog- 
nize in you a young man of excellent 
academic preparation, unusual pro- 
fessional training, successful college 
experience, broad social vision, high 
racial consciousness, dynamic person- 
ality, youthful enthusiasm, high mor- 
al character, and deep Christian be- 

May God bless you! 

The Shaw University Bulletin 

Inaugural Address of Dr. Robert Prentiss Daniel 

Mr. President, Distinguished Guests, 
Ladies and Gentlemen: 

I am grateful for the tributes 
which my former coworkers in Vir- 
ginia have brought today, and I am 
made happy by the greetings which 
have been extended on behalf of the 
new relationships to which I am now 
admitted as president of Shaw Uni- 

In addition to these addresses, 
however, I feel upon this occasion the 
inspiration of another message — a 
message which comes to me as from 
the grave. It is a letter written by 
the widow of the founder of this in- 
stitution shortly before her death: 

"Emerson says, 'An institution is 
but the lengthened shadow of an in- 
dividual.' The shadows cast by great 
pioneers in every field of discovery 
and enterprise that have promoted 
human progress illustrate the truth 
of Emerson's statement. Pioneers in 
the domain of education have left 
behind them institutions, the embodi- 
ment of their ideals, that have blazed 
the path for coming generations." . . . 

"Beginning a great, new undertak- 
ing is not easy. To found an institu- 
tion, the embodiment of noble spirit- 
ual ideals, which shall stand the test 
of time and be a blessing to future 
generations costs time, thought, care, 
patient waiting, labor and sacrifice. 
To realize the ideal, some one must 
put years of strength and power 
back of it. Shaw University might 
almost be said to be the living per- 
sonality of Henry Martin Tupper. It 
represents an unconquerable courage, 
determination, perseverance and faith 
in God. It stands for truth, honor, 
integrity, loyalty, service. The ideals 
of Shaw are foundation stones in the 
physical, mental, moral, spiritual and 
social upbuilding of the race. To 
build those ideals into the lives and 
character of the young men and 
women who came under his influence, 
to open wider doors of opportunity 
and privilege and enable them to 
acquit themselves nobly in endeavor 
and in service, he gave his thought, 
his strength, his very life. The out- 
worn body lies yonder, beneath that 
'low, green tent whose curtain never 

outward swings' — his soul is march- 
ing on." 

The privilege of directing the des- 
tinies of this institution imposes a 
great responsibility; but to become a 
president in the line of successors of 
that noble spirit who founded this 
institution involves a sacred trust. 

It was the realization of this trust 
that led me to indicate Founder's 
Day as my preference when the 
question arose of selecting a date for 
these inaugural exercises. 

It is a coincidence of sentimental 
mention that I receive the authority 
of office as president of Shaw Univer- 
sity at the same age as was Dr. Tup- 
per when he began his work here. 

Early Infltience of Dr. Tupper 
So significant has been the appeal 
of the sacrifice and devotion of our 
Founder, Dr. Henry Martin Tupper, 
that Shaw University has never been 
without friends. In a pamphlet enti- 
tled Henry Martin Tupper, D.D. — A 
Narrative of Twenty-five Years Work 
in the South, 1865-1890, Dr. Henry 
L. Morehouse relates numerous in- 
stances of generous responses to the 
appeals of Dr. Tupper. 

Among the first to respond were 
Mr. Andrew Porter, one of the foun- 
ders of Mt. Holyoke College, and the 
Honorable Elijah Shaw of Wales, 
Massachusetts. The spirit manifested 
by Mr. Shaw in his support was un- 
usual when he wrote that he would 
mortgage the house over his head to 
help Tupper, and that he would come 
to Raleigh at once. This he did, and 
in grateful acknowledgment of an 
initial gift of five thousand dollars 
and other generous gifts later the 
institution now bears his name. 

Estey Hall is the result of contri- 
butions from many friends and is 
named in honor of the Honorable 
Jacob Estey and Sons of Brattleboro, 
Vermont, who gave eight thousand 
dollars toward its erection. Estey 
Hall has the distinction of being "the 
first school edifice, of any considera- 


The Shaw University Bulletin 

ble size in the South, erected solely 
for the accommodation of colored 
women in their Christian develop- 
ment and education." 

The combination Chapel and Din- 
ing Hall, built in 1879, was named 
after the Honorable O. H. Greenleaf 
of Springfield, Massachusetts, who 
with his friends made generous con- 
tributions toward its erection. 

The Leonard Building, which 
eventually housed a medical school, 
was made possible by the generous 
contribution of fifteen thousand dol- 
lars given by Mr. Judson Wade Leo- 
nard of Hampden, Massachusetts. 

Although the early work of Dr. 
Tupper was begun under conditions 
of hostilities resulting from the bit- 
terness which the war had engen- 
dered, in a few years he had won the 
support of many southern friends. It 
is significant to note that the act of 
incorporation of Shaw University by 
the General Assembly contains the 
names of three white citizens of the 
State of North Carolina among the 
first group of trustees. In 18 81, when 
Dr. Tupper applied to the legislature 
for a gift of land upon which to erect 
the medical building, it is recorded 
that the request was granted with 
scarcely a dissenting voice. 

As early as 1884 the Honorable 
Thomas J. Jarvis, Governor of North 
Carolina, paid this tribute to Dr. 
Tupper's work: 

"Soon after the close of the war 
the Reverend Henry Martin Tupper 
established in this city a school for 
the education of the colored youth of 
the State. Step by step he has gone 
on in his work with an energy and 
a devotion that have won for him the 
admiration of the community and the 
thanks of the people, till he has built 
up a great school in our midst." 

In a letter written March 1, 1890, 
the Reverend J. B. Simmons testifies 
very significantly as follows: 

. . . "Those were dark days at the 
close of the war when 'the bloody 
chasm' was yawning wide. On its 
edge these two young workers began 
their toils for Jesus in the city of 
Raleigh. They had just arrived from 
the North. They were unknown, ex- 
cept that he was a Union soldier. 

And when he took the few dollars he 
had saved from his soldier's pay and 
bought a lot for a freedman church 
and school, it looked, to our Southern 
brethren, like renewing the war in 
another form. So a council was held 
to send the young couple away. But 
they said, amiably and most firmly, 
'We cannot go, and we will not. 
Jesus Christ requires us to stay here!' 
And they did stay, and not only so, 
but those who then favored their 
going would now fight for them to 
remain. They and such as they are 
the best friends of the South that the 
South ever saw." 

Thus friends, both North and 
South, rallied to the support of this 
great pioneer in the education of the 

Assistance of Philanthropists 

Shaw University has not been with- 
out the benefit of philanthropy. As 
early as 1890 Mr. John D. Rockefel- 
ler made a pledge of twelve thousand 
five hundred dollars on a twenty-five 
thousand-dollar campaign for Dr. 
Tupper's endowment. The heating 
plant was made possible by a contri- 
bution of twenty-five thousand dol- 
lars by Mr. Rockefeller in 1902. The 
early interest of Mr. Rockefeller re- 
flected itself later in the support of 
the General Education Board. In a 
letter to me dated November 7, 193 6, 
Mr. W. W. Brierley, secretary of the 
General Education Board, reports the 
following contributions of the Board 
during Shaw's history: 

For teachers' salaries en- 
dowment $200,000.00 

For annual grants for in- 
creasing teachers' sal- 
aries 23,273.97 

For buildings and im- 
provements 18,000.00 

For repairs to plant 8,000.00 

For construction and 
equipment of a science 
building 90,000.00 

For continuation of dra- 
matic art work — 437.80 


Thus we can see that Shaw's most 
recent building and most of its en- 
dowment were made possible by the 
General Education Board. 

The Shaw University Bulletin 


In the Founder's Day address de- 
livered here two years ago Dr. Arthur 
D. Wright, president of the John F. 
Slater Fund, stated: 

"A careful check-up shows that the 
first Slater Fund appropriation to 
Shaw University was for the college 
year 1883-84, which was the first 
year that the Slater Fund made any 
appropriations at all. . . . From that 
beginning, during each of the 51 suc- 
ceeding years there has been a Slater 
Fund grant to Shaw University, and 
this record of having been for 50 
years a beneficiary of Slater Fund 
grants is shared by Shaw with only 
one other institution in the South." 

In a letter dated October 27, 1936, 
Dr. Wright informed me that the to- 
tal grants of the Slater Fund to Shaw 
University amount to $121,625. 
These contributions were made chief- 
ly for teachers' salaries. 

Shaw University has been the re- 
cipient of generous support of the 
State Department of Education here 
in North Carolina, in a cooperative 
program of teacher training. Several 
thousand dollars have been made 
available to us through this source. 

The chief benefactor of the pro- 
gram of Dr. Tupper has been the 
American Baptist Home Mission So- 
ciety. The interest of this society in 
the work of Shaw began in the spring 
of 1870, when the institution was 
visited by Dr. J. B. Simmons, secre- 
tary of the Society. It was after this 
visit of Dr. Simmons that Dr. Tup- 
per decided to launch out on the ex- 
pansion program of his institution, 
then known as the Raleigh Institute, 
to the proportion which led to its 
becoming Shaw University. Shaw 
University soon became the institu- 
tion of favor of the Society. On June 
3, 1870, Dr. Simmons wrote: 

"Our Board is greatly pleased with 
the hearty missionary spirit with 
which you have labored as principal 
of the Shaw Collegiate Institute, at 
Raleigh, N. C, the past year. 

"That school is our pride. It is a 
fountain of blessing. No work of 
philanthropy, no work of patriotism, 
no work of Christianity, can surpass 
that involved in the founding and 
endowing of such schools in the 
South. These colored preachers and 

teachers must be taught. Love, not 
for the blacks alone, but for the 
whites, requires it . . ." 

According to a letter dated Novem- 
ber 14, 1936, Mr. Samuel Bryant, 
treasurer of the American Baptist 
Home Mission Society, reports that 
the aggregate support of Shaw Uni- 
versity given by the American Home 
Mission Society is approximately as 

Appropriations by the 

Society, 1872-1932....$ 790,000.00 

Income from endow- 
ment funds ! 290,000.00 


The funds received through the 
Home Mission Society were used for 
salaries and maintenance. Although 
in 1932 the Society ceased to make 
annual appropriations to Shaw, it is 
still the custodian of her endowment 
fund. In June of this year we were 
admitted to the group of schools 
which the Northern Baptist Board of 
Education helps to support. 

On October 1, 1935, the American 
Baptist Home Mission Society trans- 
ferred to the Board of Education of 
the Northern Baptist Convention its 
responsibility in the field of Negro 
education, so that the Home Mission 
Society no longer directs the admin- 
istrative policies of any of the Negro 
schools which have been under its 
direction for so long. This change is 
explained by the following statement 
in the twenty-fifth annual report of 
the Board of Education, 1936: 

"The reason for this transfer is 
primarily that the Home Mission So- 
ciety believes that these schools 
should now be treated as educational 
rather than as missionary institu- 
tions. They must be trained for self- 
government. Boards of trustees must 
be organized which will assume the 
responsibility for their direction. 
They must build up a sustaining con- 
stituency. Some of these colleges al- 
ready have 'A' rating; others must 
be brought to it." 

As we look back at the change 
which took place in the administra- 
tive direction of Shaw University in 
19 31, a fair-minded evaluation re- 


The Shaw University Bulletin 

veals that the changes which took 
place were the embodiment of this 
point of view. The friends of Shaw 
believed that the selection of a capa- 
ble Negro president would be a 
wholesome influence in promoting 
self-government. The Board of Trus- 
tees was willing to assume the re- 
sponsibility of the school's direction. 
In the past five years President Nel- 
son has made a notable contribution 
in reviving interest in the school and 
in laying a stable foundation in build- 
ing up a sustaining constituencey. 

One of the last services of Dr. Nel- 
son before leaving the institution was 
to negotiate the admission of Shaw 
University into the group of schools 
in which the Board of Education of 
the Northern Baptist Convention has 
assumed an interest. There seems to 
be a happy coincidence that in the 
beginning of this new relationship 
the president of Shaw University is 
one who comes with twenty years of 
identification with Virginia Union 
University, one of the schools of this 
group whose early history so closely 
parallels that of Shaw University. In 
this coincidence, it seems to me, 
there rests a great tribute to the 
early benefactors of Negro education 
in that men trained in schools found- 
ed and supported by them are now 
being asked to assume the leadership 
of these same schools. 

Closely associated with the as- 
sumption of leadership is the respon- 
sibility of support. The support of 
Shaw University has not been con- 
fined to philanthropy and white 
friends. Negroes themselves love 
Shaw and have made great sacrifices 
for its development. The support of 
the school by alumni, Baptist church- 
es, and friends regardless of schools 
and denomination affiliations has 
been generous. 

Unfortunately, it is impossible to 
show from the records the aggregate 
of contributions made by these 
groups. In the past five years alone, 
however, these contributions have 
amounted to forty-five thousand six 
hundred and thirty dollars. Such loy- 
alty is remarkable when we realize 

that these gifts were made at a time 
of financial stress in this country, 
and made by a race with the highest 
percentage of those unemployed and 
on relief. Those who contributed 
were teachers, preachers, farmers, 
laborers, domestics and others who 
for the most part merely received 
subsistence wages. 

Shaw University has always been 
supported by the Negro Baptists of 
North Carolina. Shaw is fortunate to 
have the unified support of all of the 
Baptist associations, Women's un- 
ions, Sunday school unions, and B. Y. 
P. U. conventions in the State. I have 
been gratified by the evidences of 
continued support which these 
groups have given me since the be- 
ginning of my administration at 
Shaw University. I have already re- 
ceived from these friends contribu- 
tions amounting to more than two 
thousand dollars. 

In addition to the financial sup- 
port which they have indicated, I 
have been encouraged by their ex- 
pressions of good-will. Both finan- 
cial and moral support imply confi- 
dence in the future of Shaw Uni- 

Shaw's Future 

As I begin my responsibilities here, 
I consider the direction of the future 
development of Shaw University a 
great trust. I face my task in the 
high resolve to maintain this trust. 
Starting this year as the fifth presi- 
dent of the institution is somewhat 
like the beginning of the construction 
of the fifth story of a building. 
Height and stability are secured by 
depth of foundation. In every build- 
ing there is harmony in structural 
pattern which is observed through- 
out. Each additional story is based 
upon the construction which preced- 
ed it. If any additional story is to be 
an advance it must be the next natu- 
ral step which the previous construc- 
tion has directed. It should be noted, 
however, that while there is a com- 
mon skeletal framewrok of consistent 
architectural planning, each story of 
a building has appointments and fea- 

The Shaw University Bulletin 


tures designed to meet needs peculiar 
to it. 

One readily recognizes in Henry 
Martin Tupper the architect and 
founder of Shaw University; Charles 
Francis Meserve and Joseph Leish- 
man Peacock, the builders; and Wil- 
liam Stuart Nelson, the rehabilitator. 
The next step calls for a program of 
coordination and preservation. 

We have already addressed our- 
selves to this program. We opened 
this year with many indications of 
continued progress: an enrollment of 
461, the largest in the history of the 
institution; a strong faculty, consist- 
ing of persons of training, experi- 
ence, and character; additional 
equipment in the kitchen which will 
improve the service in the dining 
room; renovation of the dormitory 
quarters in Convention Hall for the 
theological students; a deeper devo- 
tional life and an enriched chapel 
service; the inauguration of a weekly 
calendar and an adjustment of the 
schedule to permit greater participa- 
tion by the students in the promo- 
tion of departmental clubs and stu- 
dent organizations; a rejuvenated 
athletic program; and a splendid 
spirit of cooperation of students and 

We propose also to give attention 
to a program relating to a vital col- 
lege curriculum. Graduates of Shaw 
University must still be able to take 
their places in the world of achieve- 
ment. Our course of study must be 
functional to the demands of a dy- 
namic society. At the same time col- 
lege preparation must be thorough 
and make possible successful study 
by those who would continue in grad- 
uate or professional schools. 

A college education must not be 
thought of merely in terms of an ac- 
cumulation of credits in formal 
courses in subject matter fields. It is 
indeed tragic, for instance, that a 
major in biology or physiology should 
lose his health at the beginning of 
his career; or that a student of eco- 
nomics should become an easy victim 
of "loan sharks." We desire to initi- 
ate at Shaw University a series of 

conferences, seminars, forums and 
discussion groups systematically or- 
ganized to lead students into a better 
understanding of some of the major 
problems of life, such as the preser- 
vation of health, economic stability, 
race adjustments, getting along with 
people, community service, social 
welfare, civic improvements, sane sex 
life, moral character, and Christian 

It seems to me that the Negro col- 
lege would make further contribu- 
tion to the success of its students in 
facing problems of life by offering 
courses which will acquaint them 
with the best thought and research 
relating to racial psychology, race re- 
lations, Negro history and literature, 
labor problems, vocational occupa- 
tions, and other courses which relate 
to aspects of problems of racial dif- 
ferentiations into which they are in- 
evitably thrown. 

The Negro college is itself a separ- 
ate institution imposed by a bi-racial 
social order. Just as any other col- 
lege, it must certainly offer courses 
whose content is not affected by the 
race of the students and the instruc- 
tor. However, as a college for only 
Negro students because of social pro- 
scription, there are courses dealing 
with topics which must be considered 
in terms of racial circumstances. 

After all, the success of the Negro 
college graduate is judged in regard 
to three types of measures: inter- 
racial achievement, bi-racial adapta- 
tion, and inter-racial advancement. 

This administration dedicates it- 
self to the development of Shaw Uni- 
versity as a college of culture and 
character and Christian living. We 
subscribe to and hope to advance 
the following concept of the Shaw 
spirit as expressed in "The Sunrise," 
a student periodical published at 
Shaw in 1919: 

"We believe in doing rather than 
talking; in maintaining high ideals; 
in daring to do our duty as we un- 
derstand it. We believe in saying just 
what we think. We believe in hav- 
ing an attentive eye, a listening ear, 
a busy brain, a clear mind, full of 
dutiful thoughts, and living a life 


The Shaw University Bulletin 

of industry- We believe in studying 
hard and doing our duty to ourselves 
and to our country, cultivating the 
virtues of service and passion of 
friendship. We believe in truth, 
humility, in high ambitions and 
lofty aspirations. We believe in be- 
ing worthy of having stern courage 
for the conquest of fear; in doing 
kind deeds; in being strong, gentle 
and kind. We believe in God's un- 
ceasing love and the future." 

Without doubt this spirit and the 
training which Shaw offered account 
largely for the great host of success- 
ful graduates of the institution. In- 
cluded in the number are: a United 
States Minister to Liberia, a United 
States Consul to Free Town, West 
Africa; a United States consul to 
Guadeloupe, South America; a rep- 
resentative in Congress; a recorder 
of deeds; members of three State 
legislatures; an assistant tax com- 
missioner; one of the founders of a 
leading Negro Insurance Company; 
a municipal court judge; lawyers; 
college and normal school presidents; 
deans and professors; secondary and 
elementary school principals and 
teachers; Jeanes supervisors; an as- 
sistant county coroner; a police sur- 
geon; hospital as well as private sur- 
geons and physicians; medical pro- 
fessors; pharmacists; dentists; mis- 
sionaries to Africa including the first 
female missionary of the race to the 
Congo; the founder of Lott Carey 
Foreign Missionary Convention; a Y. 

M. C. A. secretary in Africa as well 
as in America; superintendents of 
orphanages; moderators of Baptist 
associations, and innumerable pas- 
tors, preachers and church workers. 

Shaw University must continue 
making its contribution to the prepa- 
ration of a significant leadership of 
the race. The present generation of 
students are the recipients of a great 
heritage. There can be no doubt that 
the "Shaw Spirit" is an abiding force 
making a positive contribution to 
the development of constructive lead- 

Realizing that Shaw began in 
prayer and faith and devotion to 
God, we shall be guided in all our 
endeavors by the recognition of the 
truth, "Unless the Lord build the 
house, they labor in vain who build 
it ■ — • unless the Lord keep the city, 
they watcheth in vain that keepeth 

Father Omnipotent, Spirit of Power, 
Inspire Thy son with abounding re- 
Make him Thy leader, mighty in 
Thy will with justice and love to 

Father Omniscient, Source of All 
Lend of Thy kingdom unto Thy son : 
Through unknown pathways, sun- 
shine or shadow, 
Counsel and guide him, All-Know- 
ing One. 

The Shaw University Bulletin 


Address Delivered by John W. 
Barco, D.D. 

I count myself happy to bring greet- 
ings to Shaw University from Vir- 
ginia Union University and in behalf 
of its faculty to pay a tribute to a 
former colleague, greatly beloved, 
who is today being inducted into 
office as the fifth president of this 
historic institution. We at Virginia 
Union believe he will prove himself 
to be a worthy successor of the foun- 
ders of this institution to whom you 
have done honor today. This belief 
is based upon his life and work 
amongst us. 

While yet a lad, Shaw's future 
president entered the high school de- 
partment of Virginia Union and for 
twenty years lived the life of one who 
links the pursuit of knowledge with 
the attainment of truth; one who had 
definitely determined to carve for 
himself a niche in Education's Hall 
of Fame. For twelve years he was a 
member of its faculty. Richly en- 
dowed by Nature, he thoroughly pre- 
pared himself and by hard work, a 
level head and a progressive spirit he 
came to be recognized as a leader 
amongst us. 

We think of Dr. Daniel first of all 
as an inspiring Christian teacher — 
a person a doctor of philosophy is 
sometimes not. Students at Virginia 
Union delighted in being members of 
his classes, for they "found there 
something that helped to strengthen 
their spirits for their struggle in life 
and to destroy that cynicism in edu- 
cation, that lost faith in their work, 
which today is ruining so many men 
both in their teaching and in their 
research." Outside of the classroom 
he was the friend and counselor of 
students — working with them in 
their different organizations and 
groups, but at all times so deporting 
himself as to make it easier for them 
to live godly and sober lives. 

He led in work of curriculum re- 
vision and administrative reorgani- 
zation which resulted in the securing 
by the University of the rating de- 
sired at the hands of the Southern 
Association of Colleges. 

Under his direction the Depart- 
ment of Education — begun under the 
leadership of Dr. Miles W. Connor — 
was so guided as to cause its gradu- 
ates to be sought not only in Vir- 
ginia, but in surrounding states as 
well. The Extension Division came 
under his guidance into a position of 
great usefulness to teachers in Rich- 
mond and nearby counties. 

Others will tell, no doubt, of his 
leadership off the campus in the field 
of education, social uplift, race rela- 
tions, church activity, etc. — in all of 
which he brought honor to the insti- 
tution he represented. 

The members of the faculty of Vir- 
ginia Union University hope and be- 
lieve the constituency of Shaw Uni- 
versity will loyally and royally sup- 
port the new president, and wish for 
him the success we believe he so 
richly deserves. 

Address Delivered by William 
T. Johnson, B.D., D.D. 

I am proud to be in a State whose 
Chief Executive is wedded to the idea 
of providing educational opportuni- 
ties for all the people. He says: "Our 
State must develop education for her 
boys and girls with the future em 
phasis upon preparation for life and 

Virginia is exceedingly grateful to 
North Carolina for the very fine way 
that you have received our brilliant 
distinguished son. The more you 
know of him, the greater will be your 
love for him. I predict that in a short 
while you will be expressing your 
gratitude to Virginia for permitting 
him to come to you. Virginia admits 
her loss, but Virginia's great loss of 
Dr. Robert P. Daniel is North Caro- 
lina's great gain. Virginia held him 
in high esteem as a fine man, as a 
Christian gentleman, as a great edu- 
cator, as an ideal citizen of remark- 
able ability and vision. 

We are called upon to give an echo 
from Virginia. We are glad to give 
an echo concerning one who has been 
such a dynamic power in all the 
groups with which he has been vi- 


The Shaw University Bulletin 

tally connected in our State. If we 
had the brush of an artist we might 
paint a picture that would attract 
your attention while we talked about 
it. If we had the eloquence of Demos- 
thenes we might give you some beau- 
tiful descriptions of your new young 
leader; but being deprived of both, I 
must confine myself to some common 
everyday, yet true, expressions con- 
cerning the one who has accepted the 
leadership of this great school, the 
Shaw University. 

He comes to you as a great leader 
in religious life. He is Corresponding 
Secretary of the Baptist Young Peo- 
ple's Union Council; Statistician of 
the Baptist Young People's Union 
Convention and Virginia Baptist 
State Sunday School Convention; 
President of the Boys' Department, 
Richmond Young Men's Christian 
Association; Superintendent of the 
Normal Department, Ebenezer Sun- 
day School; Vice President of the 
Ebenezer Baptist Young People's Un- 
ion; and Financial Clerk of the Ebe- 
nezer Baptist Church. In each of 
these capacities his greatness as a 
religious leader was clearly shown in 
that he followed his Master, who is 
and ever will be the greatest of all 

He also comes to you as a great 
leader in community activities. He 
is a member of the Inter-racial Com- 
mission of Virginia; member of the 
Negro Organization Society of Vir- 
ginia; on the Board of Directors of 
the Colored Playground and Recrea- 
tion Association; on the Board of 
Trustees of the Friends Association 
for Dependent Children; Director of 
Training of the Richmond Area Coun- 
cil, Boy Scouts of America; on the 
Richmond Advisory Committee of the 
National Youth Administration; and 
a member of the Educational Com- 
mittee of Negro Welfare Survey of 
Richmond. He made a deep impres- 
sion for good in each; his advice was 
sought on every hand. Our purpose 
is to relay this information to you 
while you induct a young great lead- 
er into his office. 

Men instinctively seek leadership. 
In war, politics, education, science, 

philosophy, and religion they crave 
the guiding hand of heroic strength. 
Some become great leaders even 
early in life, but such great men usu- 
ally get the honor of their fellows. 
It has been well said that great men 
are the champions of scientific free- 
dom and virtue. They are the Corin- 
thian shafts of the social edifice. They 
are the brain of the world's anatomy. 
They are the engines leading the 
train of progress. They are the true 
kings and priests of men in spiritual 
realms of life. They are the suns 
shining in the human firmament 
around which move all lesser lights 
in their respective orbits. They are 
the loadstones of power attracting 
the hearts and souls of men. They 
are the voltaic piles smiting the elec- 
tric sparks that fire and set ablaze 
the intellectuality of men heroic in 
serving God and man. It is a great 
privilege and a very high honor to 
exalt such men who merit this confi- 
dence, esteem and love. Such a man 
it is our privilege to honor today — 
the new president of Shaw Univer- 
sity, Dr. Robert P. Daniel. 

Address Delivered by N. C. 
Newbold, A.M., LL.D. 

Mr. Chairman, President Daniel, and 
Friends : 

As a representative of the North 
Carolina State Department of Edu- 
cation, and on behalf of Dr. Clyde A. 
Erwin, Superintendent of Public In- 
struction, and my other associates in 
that department, I bring you, Presi- 
dent Daniel, greetings and a hearty 
welcome to North Carolina. May I 
say also, Mr. President, that I am 
requested to bring you greetings from 
President Few of Duke University in 
the following language: "Please ex- 
plain to President Daniel my regret 
that other obligations take me out of 
the State at that time, and give him 
my congratulations and good wishes." 
We believe, sir, that you enter upon 
your duties as president of Shaw Uni- 
versity under happy auspices, and in 

The Shaw University Bulletin 


a most fortunate period of our his- 

Fortunate, because we are seem- 
ingly at last definitely emerging from 
the most unhappy and distressing 
period of economic disturbance and 
widespread human suffering we have 
known ; 

Fortunate, because you come to 
Shaw University when the college en- 
rollment — nearly five hundred — is 
the largest in the history of the in- 
stitution, and incidentally — but very 
important — at a time when those stu- 
dents are more nearly able to pay 
their college bills promptly than at 
any time in recent years; 

Fortunate, because your predeces- 
sor and the thousands of Baptists in 
North Carolina and elsewhere, and 
their friends, in their recent Seven- 
tieth Anniversary Campaign raised a 
sum of money counted in thousands 
of dollars which has helped stabilize 
Shaw's economic position and to 
make easier the task of securing 
funds for annual maintenance; 

Fortunate, because of the friendly 
attitude and cooperation of the offi- 
cers and the personnel of the great 
Northern Baptist Convention, and 
particularly because of the support 
of all Baptists of both races in North 

Fortunate, may it be said, modest- 
ly and with proper decorum, because 
the State to which you have come has 
for some years now exhibited an 
awakening social and moral con- 
sciousness that definitely encourages 
and supports men, institutions and 
measures who work for the educa- 
tion, the health and the welfare of all 
its people of whatever race or creed 
or color. 

However, Mr. President, it must be 
said — you have not come to paradise, 
nor to a place even approximating 
that happy land. It is true, though, 
that you have come to a community 
and a State heir to a set of condi- 
tions and precedents, the sum total 
of which offers you as the fifth presi- 
dent of Shaw University opportuni- 
ties which outweigh and transcend 
similar situations and conditions that 
have greeted any former incoming 

president of this great old institu- 

Let me hasten to say this last 
statement is not intended to suggest 
that you have fallen heir to onerous 
burdens and exacting responsibilities 
— rather that the conditions, the en- 
tire surrounding circumstances offer 
a challenge to your skill, your intelli- 
gence, your imagination and your 

As one North Carolinian, repre- 
senting the State Department of Ed- 
ucation and the president of Duke 
University, may I express the faith 
and confidence of myself and my col- 
leagues in the future of this Univer- 
sity under the wise and courageous 
leadership of its new president, and 
finally to offer you, President Daniel, 
our deep, abiding, sympathetic inter- 
est and since cooperation in the tasks 
and the responsibilities which shall 
face you as president of Shaw Uni- 


Address Delivered by J. T. 
Hairston, D.D. 

President Daniel, Honored Guests, 
Faculty, Alumni, and Students: 
I have been asked upon this occa- 
sion to extend greetings to you from 
the Baptist host of this State. Ac- 
cording to the figures of the late Dr. 
C. S. Brown, the Baptists of this 
State represent a constituency of 
about two hundred and fifty thousand 
members. As representative of this 
great host, whose hearts and souls 
are tied up in Shaw University, 
our beloved institution, I am happy 
to bring to you today their sincere 
greetings and their best wishes that 
this may be the happiest day of all 
the days which this institution has 
experienced since its founding by Dr. 
Henry Martin Tupper. 

You have many reasons to be hap- 
py today. First, because this institu- 
tion was born in the heart of one of 
the greatest lovers of our group, and 
one who demonstrated his love by the 
great sacrifices which he made in 
establishing this school, to prepare a 
Christian leadership for us, an un- 


The Shaw University Bulletin 

fortunate group which had just 
emerged from the bondages of slav- 
ery without one penny with which to 
begin life's career. No homes, no 
money, no schools, no churches of 
our own. But God put it into the 
hearts of Dr. Tupper and his lovely 
wife to leave their homes in the 
North to come South and do what 
they could to help our group, at least 
to get started in the right way, to 
make life worth while. 

Today as we stand at this seventy- 
first mile post and look back over the 
past we can but join with the writer 
who said, "See what God hath 

A second reason why you should 
be happy today is when we take a 
survey we can see all over this and 
other countries the Christian men 
and women who have come out of 
this institution, and are actually en- 
gaged in helping to build a better 
world. The men and women in every 
walk of life are carrying into their 
various callings and professions the 
spirit of Christ and of Tupper and 
giving themselves unreservedly to the 
task of uplifting the people. We can 
but say today, God bless the spot that 
marks the last resting places of the 
immortal Dr. Tupper and his good 
wife, "who counted not their lives 
dear unto themselves that they might 
lift Godward their brother." 

A third reason why you should be 
happy today is because it can be 
truthfully said of those who have fol- 
lowed Dr. Tupper, as heads of this 
institution, that they have all been 
men of vision, who caught the spirit 
of the founder and have built won- 
derfully upon the foundation which 
he laid, and have not suffered the old 
ancient landmark to be removed. 
Those who have had the privileges 

and pleasure to come under their 
Christian influences have been 
blessed and made a blessing to 

Those great men were the late Dr. 
Charles Frances Meserve, Dr. Joseph 
Leishman Peacock, Dr. Wm. Stuart 
Nelson, and now our new president, 
Dr. Robert P. Daniel. As we think of 
these men we can but join in the 
language of the song of our sainted 
fathers and mothers of long ago, 
saying, "Ride on Jesus, ride on con- 
quering king, because no man can 
hinder." So that now on behalf of 
.the Baptist host of this State I bring 
you these greetings and, speaking for 
them, we wish for you the most suc- 
cessful and glorious future. 

And to you, Dr. Daniel, our new 
president, we do here and now pledge 
to you our whole-hearted sympathies 
and our unlimited support and loy- 
alty to help you build a bigger and 
better Shaw University. 

I can truthfully say, from my own 
personal knowledge and observation, 
and from what others have said who 
are in the position to know, that 
there never has been a finer spirit 
and deeper interest on the part of 
the Baptists of the State than that 
which is being manifested toward our 
school today. If that is true — and it 
is true — we look forward to a great 
and successful administration under 
you as president. 

May God bless you and your de- 
voted wife, your fine faculty and ex- 
cellent student body. May He give 
you all strength and vision for your 

We beseech you to be strong and 
of good courage, and God will give 
you the land. As He was with Moses, 
so He will be with you. Only, be 
strong and of good courage. 

Thk Shaw University Bulletin 




Born November 2, 1902; son of 
Mrs. Carrie Green Daniel and the 
late Charles J. Daniel, for twenty- 
eight years secretary of Virginia 
State College, after whom the Dan- 
iel Memorial Hall on the campus of 
that institution is named. 

Married to Mrs. Blanche Taylor 
Daniel, a graduate of Virginia Un- 
ion University and registrar of the 
same institution. 

Training : 

A.B. 1924 Virginia Union Uni- 

A.M. 192 8, Columbia University. 
Ph.D. 19 32 Columbia University. 


Professor of Education and Di- 
rector of the Division of Educa- 
tion, Psychology and Philosophy, 
Virginia Union University, Rich- 
mond; Director, Extension Divis- 
ion, Virginia Union University. 

President, Virginia State Teach- 
ers Association. 

Visiting Professor of Education, 
Graduate Division, Hampton Insti- 
tute Summer School. 

Foreign Travel: 

Traveled in England Scotland, 
Prance, Germany, Italy, Switzer- 
land, Holland, and Czechoslovakia, 
representing Kings Mt. Area Na- 
tional Student Y. M. C. A. 

Religious Activities : 

Member, Ebenezer Baptist 
Church, Richmond, Va., and for 
several years was the financial 
clerk of the church. 

Formerly corresponding secre- 
tary of the B. Y. P. U. Council of 

Formerly statistical secretary of 
the Virginia Baptist State Sunday 
School Convention and the State 
Baptist Young People's Unions. 

Community Activities : 

Member of the Board of Trus- 
tees, Friends Association for De- 
pendent Children, Richmond. 

Member of the Board of Trus- 
tees, Richmond Community Center. 

Member of the Advisory Board 
and Director of Training, Colored 
Scouts, Richmond Area Council of 
Boy Scouts of America. 

Affiliations : 

American Psychological Associa- 

National Education Association. 

National Association of Teach- 
ers in Colored Schools. 

Virginia Society for Research. 

Virginia Inter-racial Commission. 

National Association for the Ad- 
vancement of Colored People. 

National Association for the 
Study of Negro Life and History. 

Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity. 

Shaw's Presidents 

1865 - 1893 


1920 - 1931 

1931 - 1936 


Special Appreciation Contribution 

Upon the occasion of the inauguration several 
alumni and friends made contributions of $5, repre- 
senting a tribute of $1 for each of the five presi- 
dents of Shaw University. A few sent as much as 
$25, representing a tribute of $5 for each presi- 
dent. Shaw University will be pleased to have all 
persons who read this bulletin to send a "tribute" 
contribution. Money received will be applied to the 
Scholarship Fund of the institution, and should be 
sent to President Robert P. Daniel, Shaw Univer- 
sity, Raleigh, North Carolina.